Hindu-Arabic Numerals

Arabic numerals

The positional notation for numbers was responsible to simplifly arithmetic because it only needs a small amount of symbols (base) instead of the large number of different symbols needed on other numeral systems, such as the Roman numerals.

The first positional system known was the Babylonian numerals, which used to work on a base 60, from around 3100 B.C.

Around 500 A.D. Indian mathematians developed the modern decimal positional notation, known as Hindu-Arabic numerals and often called Arabic numerals due to the system spreading by the Arabs. The inclusion of zero was a revolutionary issue and this system proved to be an important milestone in the development of modern mathematics.

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